[Armenian Life]: Urartu.

September 28, 2010

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Urartu (natively Biai, Biainili[2]; Assyrian: māt Urarṭu (ma-at U-ra-ar-ṭu),[3] corresponding to Ararat, or Kingdom of Van[2] was an Iron Age kingdom centered around Lake Van in the Armenian Highland.

Strictly speaking, Urartu is the Assyrian term for a geographical region, while the “kingdom of Urartu” or the “Biainili lands” are the Iron Age state that arose in that region. That a distinction should be made between the geographical and the political entity was already pointed out by König (1955).[4] The landscape corresponds to the mountainous plateau between Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and the Caucasus mountains, later known as the Armenian Highlands. The kingdom rose to power in the mid 9th century BC and was conquered by Media in the early 6th century BC.

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